Monday, February 28, 2011

Profiler Pat Brown on kidnapped tot , mother found murdered...

A guilty verdict, well could it have been anything else? Good old American Justice in Salt Lake City....

Image of the moment she was found, a girl who had been starved, tethered to a tree and raped four times a day not only by Mitchell but with memory recall, several years later, lying lizzy  remembered that Wanda also had a go.....What can one say about this image ? a well nourished , rosy cheeked, very happy looking teenager. A girl ,who when found did not ask about her family but her friends , what would happen to them ? Lying Lizzy with a lot of coaching has made sure they are locked away for life so they may never tell the truth.

Tom Smart and his brood had a three hour meeting after Elizabeth 'ran away' they were undecided what to do with this troublesome teenager, they abused the Amber Alert system by 'crying abduction' Ed Smart knew he had not a hope in hell of police involvement had he told the truth....and Tom Smart wanted his book to hit the shelves...a book of lies....

SALT LAKE CITY -- Elizabeth Smart's uncle has faulted the police investigation into her disappearance in a new book, claiming the teen would still be a kidnap victim if the family had not gotten involved.

"I don't think she would be back," Tom Smart said. "There's five or six things that had to happen, and all those things, thank God, happened, including help from the community, which raised awareness to find Elizabeth."

In Plain Sight: The Startling Truth Behind the Elizabeth Smart Investigation, went on sale Monday.

Elizabeth was allegedly kidnapped from her home in June 2002 and found nine months later in the Salt Lake suburb of Sandy, walking down a street with …

Propaganda of the Smart fraud , many years later, the story still not straight, knife or a gun?

Last December, Elizabeth Smart was one of 10 contenders for the A&E cable network's "Biography of the Year." George W. Bush won, but the missing teenage girl placed a respectable fourth--behind Yasser Arafat and the Osbournes, but ahead of Saddam Hussein and Halle Berry.

She was on the list not just because of her kidnapping, at gunpoint, from her Utah home last June, but because of the ensuing national paroxysm of fear over children being abducted by strangers.

The panic was carefully nurtured.

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children said it was working on 5,000 to 7,000 cases of missing children. The airwaves were flooded with articulate spokespeople for the …

Levi Page Show with Donna Pendergast...

Man jumps from  cliff after being named a suspect in wifes murder.Live with Levi....

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

The SMARTS set up Ricci Richards..The McCanns TRIED without success to set up Raymond Hewlett for TWO abductions....

Shawna Forde sentenced to death....

The Leicester community now known as 'STEPFORD' without the knowledge of Mariluzs mother ,tell us she has backed Kate McCann to help prove her innocence. You all stood by and said nothing when the SMARTS took you for a ride are you going to let history repeat itself and let the McCanns do the same to sell their book in America when they STILL refuse to answer police questions ?

Levi Page SHOW Audio..Zahra Baker/ Caley Anthony and a judge who sent kids to prison for money

The McCanns play it SMART when they use genuine abducted children to play their sick game....

Monday, February 21, 2011

Levi Page Show: Haleigh Cummings Fake abdudction...

Levi Page Show : Elisa Baker

Eugene Zapata. I expect our American cousins remember the case well, pretty hard to forget. The McCanns, when the dogs picked up on Madeleines mother's clothes , the apartment, behind a sofa and ALL things McCann, did not ,as one's logic might expect, ask the police for an explanation as to the dogs findings, instead went straight to America where the dogs and their findings were in question on the ZAPATA case. We all know the outcome to this dreadful crime and the dogs were correct...The McCanns never mentioned the Zapata case again.

Fox News MURDOCH starting the McCanns PR...

Ever wondered why Madeleine suddenly went from three years old, to this ?.. .Marcelion Italiano is a rough translation , an anagram, a play on words to mean ' International Criminale'...the McCanns will for the first time 'rush' to a place where they believe their daughter to be...and this will be a first for them!!!!! The book is what it is all about. BUT does this young lady in the photograph exist.?...will it all be a false alarm, and this young lady will sit along side the McCanns with her real parents saying we thought it was Madeleine 'look how much alike the phototfit is'... it certainly tops Victoria of Barcelona and humanises the McCanns as 'searching ...LOOK they went all the way to America...we must surely buy their book and help them with their search. Are the Americans that dumb? would they believe such a fantasy ? ..damn right they would. It has always been my belief that the campaign has been to search for a child with an eye defect the same as Madeleines and use her to claim they thought 'this child' was Madeleine, why the skin colour also of no importance...such an opportunity for this need, is now, with their book...something 'high profile' required to put the McCanns back on the map...

Sunday, February 20, 2011

McCanns plan to hit USA to flog their book as England know they are fraudsters. LEVI, NANCY about inviting Goncalo Amaral out there for a showdown...would make a spectacular programme....lets hear the otherside of the McCann scam...Portuguese police did not carry out tests on the twins for drugs this is a blatant lie. The parents months later claim they carried out tests..BUT the McCanns have never proven is all talk without substance. The McCanns refused to answer questions and as you can see from this report Gordon Brown was very much involved in helping the good doctors escape justice. The McCanns were always under suspicion BUT the investigation took a turn in the right direction when cadaver dogs picked up on the apartment , Kate McCanns clothes, the hire car and a hot spot in the small patio under the window.

October 20, 2007

‘Tests show Madeleine McCann's brother and sister were not drugged’

Forensic tests on the brother and sister of Madeleine McCann have shown that neither was sedated, it was claimed yesterday.

Portuguese newspapers have repeatedly alleged that hair samples from Kate and Gerry McCann’s children show that the couple sedated the two-year-old twins, Sean and Amelie, and Madeleine on the night that she disappeared.

But it is understood that the couple have commissioned their own tests, which found no traces of sedatives in hair samples from Sean and Amelie.

A source close to the couple said: “Any legal team worth their salt would have these kinds of tests done. No evidence of sedatives were found in the twins’ systems.”

Madeleine disappeared from an apartment in Praia da Luz, southern Portugal, more than five months ago. Experts said that traces of any drugs would be retained in their hair.

Rachel Woods, the general manager of TrichoTech, a private toxicology laboratory that carries out tests on behalf of the Home Office, said: “Anything that enters the blood-stream also enters the root of hairs and stays in the same position as the hair grows.

 If there was nothing found in the hair, that’s pretty clear-cut.” David Gerrie, an analyst at Guy’s Hospital Medical Toxicology Unit, said: “Traces will remain in the hair until it falls out or is cut. Hair grows at about 1cm per month so to test for five months ago you would need a 5cm-long hair.”

Kate and Gerry McCann, both doctors, have vehemently denied sedating their children and have threatened to sue Portuguese newspapers that carry such allegations.

Clarence Mitchell, a spokesman for the couple, said: “I’m more than happy yet again to confirm that Kate and Gerry have never used sedatives on their children. Any suggestion that they did so is both hurtful and defamatory.”

The development came as Gordon Brown held talks about the Madeleine investigation with his Portuguese counterpart at the EU summit in Lisbon.

The Prime Minister’s official spokesman said that Mr Brown had a “brief discussion” about the case with the Portuguese Prime Minister José Sócrates.

The spokesman said: “They both agreed [that] what matters was there should be the closest possible cooperation between the Portuguese and British police.”

Mr Brown and David Miliband, the Foreign Secretary, have had telephone contact with Madeleine’s parents in the past, but lines of communication were cut when the couple were named as official suspects in their daughter’s disappearance.

The family yesterday released pictures of a plate that Madeleine made at nursery school for Brian and Susan Healy, her grandparents.

The plate was given to the Healys, the mother and father of Kate McCann, the week before the family went to Portugal. Madeleine’s palm prints are in pink and purple glaze and it carries comments written by a teacher, saying: “I love you Grandma and Grandad. From Madeleine. 2007.”

Mrs Healy said: “Madeleine made the plate at her nursery school in Queniborough. The teacher helped with the writing. Madeleine’s contribution was her handprints.

“Madeleine told me that she had made this present for me. Kate said, ‘Tell Grandma what you’ve got for her.’ A week or so afterwards they went to Portugal and while they were [there] my brother Brian and his wife Janet came to stay with us in Liverpool and they gave me the plate.

“And it was literally days afterwards that Madeleine went missing. It was my last gift from Madeleine. It is very, very precious because of that fact.”
DNA report from MURDOCHS SKY NEWS..this report quickly removed....never to be heard again....

McCanns heading soon to meet up with Ed Smart.?..sure they are, Madeleine is in the says armchair Slueth Marcelino Italiano...his name a very roughly translated anagram of International Criminale ......conicidence ? with the Royal wedding hogging the limelight, who would be interested in the McCanns 'Book of Deceit'...MURDOCH will make sure the American people are BUT one small item will be missing from the McCanns book, the forensic evidence...well it WAS there and then it was'nt....!!!!!! Anyway the McCanns just want you to buy their book as they are a little short on cash, the 'good doctors' are directors of the private company they claim is a 'search for Madeleine fund' and when they arrive they will try to tell you the money is needed to search for their daughter..The McCanns, will not tell you that the Portuguese Police are waiting for Madeleines parents to ask them to re-open the investigation. They cannot also explain why they moved a cot from their bedroom into the bedroom they allege Madeleine was taken from 'to stage' an abduction and make the world believe all the children were together.

Saturday, February 19, 2011

Madeleine McCann is in the USA according to MURDOCHS daily fish wrapper The Sun..Murdoch loves a paedophile they sell his newspapers and books and movies as Ed Smart will vouch for. So, is the ball back in America...are the Americans about to fall for another scam...have they not had enough of the Smarts and their lies...BUT the McCanns want to sell their book and England knows the McCanns are fraudsters, cheats and liars, so yes timing is everything....and the Americans are such fools as I believe we are about to witness....

Bear in mind when this waffle reaches your shores, that the McCanns have insisted  their three year old  daughter Madeleine was snatched by a paedophile from the very beginning. Bear in mind also the McCanns have no fears for their daughter's safety ,of her raped and abused on a daily basis, in fact when they heard Jaycee Dugard had been found they were overjoyed.... However, the McCanns are OK with this because they say there is no evidence she has come to any harm...remember this when they start flogging their book in your country....

Murdoch the Smarts the McCanns, not much between them really, all out for money and a childs life has little value. Murdoch used his newspapers to try and help the McCanns set up a dying man ,Raymond Hewlett, true he was a paedophile but he had nothing to do with the death of Madeleine as her parents very well know, the fault and whatever happened to her lies at their feet. Ed Smart, also content to set up Ricci ,when he knew where his daughter was and who she was with the whole time.

Thursday, February 3, 2011

The Adam Walsh story...

John Walsh: Posting for the comments section and how 'sometimes' Americans can think for themselves...Who killed Adam Walsh? the jury seems to still be out on that one..

This is Sam Marrs from Hulbert, OK - I am writing this for my grandson Cody Marrs.

In April of 2007 he ran afoul of the  Adam Walsh act. An act written by a confessed sex addict and a  US senator who courts little boys. How can they make laws for our children when no one would want them around their children?

My grandson Cody was at an all-night birthday party for one of his sisters friends when he was 18 years old. According to people at the party, an older woman bought liquor for the attendee’s, including my grandson, and he became intoxicated so a few folks put him in one of the bedrooms to sleep it off. A young lady, age 14, who was being frisky followed him into the room and Cody and the girl admit things went a little too far and they had consensual relations.

We do not condone the behaviors of our grandson, nor the others, however we do understand Cody and this young lady shared in consensual relations and there was no force or violence. Basically, two dumb kids being irresponsible but does this make one a monster?

A few days later, a female Sheriff's Investigator came to our home and just walked in, without knocking. My wife, Cody’s Grandmother, had to ask her twice who she was before she told her. The Investigator said she just wanted to ask my grandson some questions.

My wife asked this woman, 3 times if Cody needed an attorney, and the Investigator responded “No, I just want to ask him some questions.” She took Cody into the kitchen, where no one else was allowed while questioning our grandson and had him sign a confession she wrote out, that he had sex with this young lady from the party.
 After signing the confession, she placed Cody under arrest without reading him his Miranda Rights and led him out of our kitchen. My wife was aghast and told her that she told her Cody did not need an attorney. This woman Investigator just grinned and said, he doesn’t, he just confessed,” and then proceeded to take our grandson to the local jail where he was booked in.

The next day the girl involved sent an email to the girl who had the birthday party. it stated that my grandson had not seduced her and she was sorry for causing trouble. Her email name was “punka-- rocker”.

I took a copy of this email to the district attorney in hopes he wouldn't file charges since the girl, nor her mother, wanted to press charges against Cody. I was informed by the District Attorney that it was up to the state to file charges, and he did.
We hired a local attorney to represent Cody, and three or four months into this, we found out that this lawyer had been disbarred. WE immediately hired another attorney with a local law firm in Tahlequah area. Cody’s case was assigned to one of this lawyer’s interns who just threw us to the wolves. My grandson took a plea to keep me from being out any more money.
This is when hell on earth began for Cody, and us, as he took a plea to a felony conviction of Second Degree Rape, under Oklahoma statutes (all consensual cases read second degree rape), classed by offense, not an assessment, as a tier 3 Violent, Aggravated Sex Offender for life.

The plea bargain required five years felony sex offender probation supervised, and ordered Cody to undergo treatment. Cody’s sex offender treatment included group therapy with people who beat women up and raped them and one guy who forcibly raped a 6 year old boy. He had a good job but had to miss every Wednesday to go for treatment. This some times involved driving 2 or 3 hundred miles to make these meetings.

Just in the last few months, the District Attorney decided he needed to move out of the home where he spent his entire life because I had guns in the house. his Probation Officer knew this because he had seen them and they are locked up. But with a change in the Probation Officer came a whole new set of rules and Cody went to his dads house 5 miles west of Hulbert.

As a Registered Sex Offender he had to report his new residence so he gave the sheriff the address on the mailbox in his Dad’s front yard. He didn't know that a guy who rented a trailer house space from his dad had put up the mail box. Cody had his mail forwarded when he moved. However, mail from the Oklahoma Department of Corrections was returned and Failure to Register charges were filed on Cody.

Now the local District Attorney is asking for Cody to serve ten years in a Oklahoma Prison! Under our laws my grandson will serve 85% of his sentence if found guilty.

If this can happen in a country I loved and fought for, why am I still living here?

My grandson is just a kid and yet is facing many years in prison while others like the Assistant D.A. involved in prosecuting this new case, was fired out of the Muskogee County DA office, and the sheriff's investigator who arrested him was picked up by the OHP for DUI/drugs, and resigned from the sheriff's department.

I was under the impression that the Gestapo went out of business in 1945, but it is alive and well in Cherokee county OK.

This Country’s sex offender laws have been patterned after a set of laws which failed, known as the Jim Crow laws. Simply take the word “negro” and insert “sex offender” and its all the same except for the part about Equal Protection.

Why are we giving up our children to a bunch of asinine people who don't care a snap about right or wrong, just a conviction record?
When you write letters to the Governor, Senators, Congressmen, Judges, district Attorney’s, and the Attorney General who never responds and ignores their Constituents,who do you turn to just to get your side of the story told? No one has listened yet, is everybody afraid? I’m to old to be afraid of anything. My wife of 45 years has suffered a stroke from stress behind this and no body gives a d---.

Please someone help us tell our story so we can educate other family’s with youngsters like my grandson Cody. Please help me save his life!
Written by,

Sam Marrs

Rumours swirled of Ed Smart visiting gay bars, he and his brothers accused of homosexual behaviour, pornography found on the family computer. Salt lake City police were having none of it and gagged the press. It has been reported Ed Smart allowed more than 100 'drifters ' to work in his home which was up for sale when Elizabeth did her disappearing act ,for whatever reason.

The Smart Saga
y Martha Bradley
During the night of June 5, 2002 a man slipped into a home in Salt Lake City’s Federal Heights neighborhood and crept silently down a carpeted hallway into the bedroom shared by 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart and her 9-year-old sister, Mary Katherine. Waking Elizabeth, the man pressed a knife into her side and took her out a window with a carefully cut screen and through the complicated system of canyons that led northeast into the Wasatch mountain range. 
Smiling out from the picture that soon appeared all over the country, Elizabeth seemed to represent everything good about youth—a blonde epitome of freshness and innocence. She was talented harpist and she loved sports, her friends, and her extensive, faithful Mormon family. In the post-September 11 atmosphere of fear and apprehension, Americans seized on the story, hoping against hope for her safe return.
Early on, Ed and Lois Smart recognized the power of the media to help them find their daughter. And if the face of God shone through much of the coverage, it was in no small measure because of the way they handled the story. Day after day, the family prayed in front of news cameras, thanking God for strength and crediting their faith for their ability to continue.
So on March 12, when police found Elizabeth walking down a street 13 miles south of her family’s home, it seemed like the answer to a national prayer. “Miracles do exist,” Ed tearfully told reporters from the lawn in front of his home. “ALIVE! ELIZABETH SMART MIRACLE,” screamed the New York Daily News March 13. On March 14, Ed and Lois appeared with local celebrities on a makeshift stage in Liberty Park for a celebration of Elizabeth’s return.
Almost immediately, however, the fairytale ending morphed into a Utah nightmare of sexual violence and religion gone bad. A 49-year-old drifter named Brian David Mitchell had, it seemed, kidnapped Elizabeth in order to make her his second wife. Quickly, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints posted a disclaimer on its official website asserting that polygamy was no longer a part of the Mormon way of life.
Within a week, Salt Lake City District Attorney David Yocom charged that after kidnapping Elizabeth, Mitchell had lashed her to a tree, raped her at knifepoint, and—with his 57-year-old wife Wanda Barzee—terrorized and starved her into submission. “He was looking for a pure, innocent girl, and she was angelic,” Ed told the New York Daily News March 16. “He was fixated on her.”
A few months after the kidnapping the teenager surfaced on Salt Lake City streets and at parties, where she stood silently with her “sister wife” behind Mitchell as he ranted and raged, preaching a convoluted tale of God and demons, and drinking until he collapsed on the floor. “They stood out in the crowd—that’s for sure,” Dan Gorder, a freelance photographer who in September ran into the white-robed trio in a Salt Lake City apartment, told the New York Times March 14. “When I took their picture, they didn’t seem to be really happy with it, but they didn’t do anything.”
No one made the connection between the silent, veiled woman and Elizabeth Smart.
Many in Salt Lake City had seen Mitchell walking down the street in his robe, staff in hand, his wild hair whirled around a face weathered by months in the sun and years of poverty. “Everybody knew of him,” Jeff St. Romain, president of the local chapter of Volunteers of America, told the Washington Post March 16. “He was very resistant to any of the services we tried to offer. He only wanted to talk about his religious beliefs. Sometimes he referred to himself as Jesus.” 
“Immanuel,” as Mitchell thought of his prophet self, wrote up his own religious doctrine in “The Book of David Isaiah Immanuel,” a 27-page manifesto that mixed philosophy, revelation, traces of Mormonism, and his own fantastic vision of the world.

Preoccupied with persecution, he held that men could talk directly with God, and possessed a complicated vision of the afterlife that included family kingdoms, a multiplicity of Gods, and patriarchy.
Without exception, the Utah papers portrayed Mitchell as a Latter-day Saint-turned-sinner, making the mistakes as a youth—drugs, promiscuity, failure at school—that predicted his aberrant behavior as an adult. Taught the “truth” as a child, rejecting it at mid-life, excommunicated for his aberrant beliefs, he was easy for a largely Mormon audience to accept as an embodiment of evil.
On March 13, Salt Lake Tribune religion writer Peggy Fletcher Stack quoted a spokesman for the LDS Church as saying that Mitchell and Barzee had been excommunicated for “activity promoting bizarre teachings and lifestyle far afield from the principles and doctrines of the church.”

 Mitchell’s book, wrote Stack, described “the LDS Church’s decline into apostasy after the death of President Ezra Taft Benson in 1994, and paint Mitchell’s own role as savior of the faith and father to a new generation of righteousness.”
The Tribune and the church-owned Deseret News both obsessed about how this could have happened in the Salt Lake Valley.

 For Utah Mormons, the mountains provide a mythic quality of refuge, isolation, and protection. Literally thousands of volunteers had combed the foothills in the vicinity of the camp where the three had hidden in the underbrush. The fact that they did not find Elizabeth demonstrated that the Wasatch Range was in fact impenetrable.
While plural marriage represented just one unsurprising dimension of the story to the Utah press, it was the only tenet of Mitchell’s faith that mattered to the national media.

 On March 15, for example, Tatsha Robertson and Irene Sege of the Boston Globe called readers’ attention to a single passage in “The Book of Immanuel David Isaiah”—in which Mitchell describes polygamy as “a lost ‘blessing’ and himself as a ‘just and merciful’ God who can restore lost blessings to those who do not sin.” Of course, it is hardly surprising that the national press should focus on the subject that has been the focus of outsiders’ prurient fascination with the Mormons since the middle of the 19th century.
First taught by the prophet Joseph Smith as part of the LDS Church’s restoration of ancient beliefs, plural marriage became one of the standard Mormon life practices and doctrines that distinguished them from the world beyond Utah territory.

The Mormons outlawed polygamy, first with an 1890 Manifesto and then with a much tougher stance (polygamists were excommunicated) after the first decade of the 20th century. Since that time, the LDS Church has determinedly distanced itself from both the practice and the people who continue to believe that it is the way they should order their families and live lives dedicated to God. Today, there are an estimated 50,000 excommunicated “Mormon fundamentalists” who live in isolated communities throughout the Mountain West and practice what they call “the Principle.”
By neither their behavior nor their doctrine, however, would such fundamentalists support the abduction of a child.

Mormon fundamentalism is based on a patriarchal ordering of families that requires deference to authority on the part of women, but nothing like the “submission” required of Elizabeth as she fought for her life.
In numerous articles that appeared in national publications, women from the Utah group “Tapestry,” an organization of women who have fled polygamous marriages, commented on the case and told tales that often bore only a limited relationship to the truth.

 Sixty-three year old Rowena Erickson, the second wife to a polygamist for 34 years, told Alex Tizon and David Kelly of the Los Angeles Times March 15 that Elizabeth was “the target age…young, but mature enough to be sexually appealing and capable of child-bearing.”
The National Enquirer perpetuated many misconceptions—that the white caftans, headdresses, and veils were related to Mormon plurality, that Mitchell had joined a group of fundamentalist Mormons who practice it.

 Did Elizabeth, asked the tabloid, really run away from home?

Or had Mitchell, who had once done odd jobs around the Smart home, previously taught her about polygamy and she agreed to go with him?
Along with the implication that fundamentalist Mormonism had led Mitchell to kidnap Elizabeth, the national media wondered whether her own orthodox Mormon faith had made Elizabeth into an easy victim.

 Thus Eric Gorski of the Denver Post speculated March 16 that because Mitchell’s religious ideology grew “out of Mormonism, it would have been easier for Elizabeth latch on to it.”
No version of this line was more extreme and offensive to Mormons than a March 23 column (“Elizabeth Smart’s case is symbolic of an ugly little secret”) by Jan Jarboe Russell of the San Antonio Express-News. “The hard truth is that Smart was preconditioned by her religion—original Mormonism—which is not really so distant form what her abductor believe,” Russell wrote. “The line between the kind of Mormonism the Smart family embodies—the well scrubbed, highly educated and wealthy kind that looks so decent and so clean—and the crazed kind Mitchell embodies is darn thin…. As a Mormon child, Elizabeth lived in a culture in which submission to religious authority was an essential part of her daily life. A healthy dose of disobedience might have saved Elizabeth from her abductors, but few 15-year-old Mormon girls are allowed the luxury of thinking for themselves.” 

In the June 2003 issue of Vogue, reporter Rebecca Johnson turned for insight to a polygamous family that had left the practice. “Women are followers in Mormonism,” the husband, Jeff Hanks, explained to her. “I think Brian Mitchell played on Elizabeth’s religious background by hitting on common themes that echoed in her head. This is a man who had the Book of Mormon memorized, so when he started saying to her, ‘You’re my wife. God has given you to me,’ she must have listened.”
The point needs to be made as clearly as possible: While Mitchell’s messianic faith owes much to the mental universe of the Mormon world, it is not Mormonism; nor should Mormonism, fundamentalist or otherwise, be construed as either permitting him to abduct Elizabeth Smart or inclining her to submit to his will.
In the end, the Smarts’ embrace of the media turned into something of a Pandora’s box.

 Shortly after Elizabeth disappeared Michael Vigh and Kevin Cantera of the Salt Lake Tribune received $20,000 from the National Enquirer to provide information about the case, including a rumor that Ed Smart and two of his brothers were involved in what the Enquirer called a “gay sex scandal.” When the financial arrangement surfaced, the two reporters, along with their editor, were fired.
The real facts of story were grim enough to turn the media squeamish.

It was impossible to adhere to the normal journalistic rule of not mentioning rape victims by name—though the Deseret News held off reporting the nature of the district attorney’s charge for nearly two weeks. But even before the accusation was made, Elizabeth’s grandfather Charles and a Mormon bishop were assuring reporters that Elizabeth was still “pure” in the eyes of God.
After the charge was made, Chris Thomas, the family’s public relations representative, declared, “We will hold the district attorney accountable for any action that victimizes her a second time.”

Meanwhile, reported the Washington Post’s T.R. Reid, the family “expressed concerns that further publicity could be damaging the family has “expressed concerns that the publicity they once sought could be damaging as the teenager tries to return to the quiet life she knew before her ordeal.” For its part, the Salt Lake City police department put a gag order on the case. Quickly, the national media spotlight shifted elsewhere.
The Elizabeth Smart story ultimately proved to be neither a tragedy nor a fairytale but something uncomfortable in between. If nothing else, it showed the continuing power of polygamy in Utah to capture the American imagination.

Amber Hagerman

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Amber Rene Hagerman

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BornNovember 25, 1986(1986-11-25)
DiedJanuary 15, 1996(1996-01-15) (aged 9)
Arlington, Texas
Amber Rene Hagerman (November 25, 1986 – January 15, 1996) was a young girl who became a victim of an abduction and murder. On January 13, 1996, she was riding her bike near her grandparents' home in Arlington, Texas, and was kidnapped soon thereafter.[1] Her murder would later inspire the creation of the AMBER Alert system.



[edit] Abduction

On January 13, 1996, a white or Hispanic man in a black pickup truck abducted Amber, who was riding her bicycle in Arlington, TX. A witness was able to provide police with a cursory description of both the abductor and his vehicle.[2][3] According to Jimmie, the man in the pickup stopped in the parking lot of the abandoned grocery store where Amber was playing, sprinted to her, and dragged her into his truck. As Jimmie was relating his observations to the police, Amber's grandfather, Jimmy Whitson, drove up, looking for the child. Amber was the second child in her family to have been kidnapped. Her father's two-day-old-granddaughter was abducted in 1991 and recovered safely 10 hours later.[3]
Arlington police began searching for Amber immediately. Volunteers searched for Amber Hagerman for several days, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation investigated.[3] Four days after her abduction, a man walking his dog found Amber's corpse in a creek bed. An autopsy revealed that her throat had been cut. She had been alive two whole days before being killed.[4] Although a $75,000 reward was offered for information leading to Amber's killer, he was never found.[5] The task force investigating Amber's murder was dissolved in June 1997.[6]

[edit] Additional investigation

On April 20, 2009, a group of college students with Bauder College's Cold Case Investigative Research Institute began a year-long pursuit to solve the case. The volunteers have also reviewed other high-profile cold-cases such as Chandra Levy.[7]

[edit] Legacy

Within days, Hagerman's mother, Donna Norris, was "calling for tougher laws governing sex offenders".[8] Whitson testified in front of the U.S. Congress in June, asking legislators to create a nationwide registry of sex offenders. Representative Martin Frost, the Congressman who represents Whitson's district, proposed an "Amber Hagerman Child Protection Act." Among the sections of the bill was one that would create a national sex offender registry.[9] Both of Hagerman's parents were present when President Bill Clinton signed into law the bill creating the national sex offender register. Whitson and Richard Hagerman then began collecting signatures in Texas, which they planned to present to then-Governor George W. Bush as a sign that people wanted more stringent laws for sex offenders.[5]

[edit] AMBER Alert

The first AMBER Alert trial was run in 1996 at KRLD Radio Studio at the Ball Park in Arlington, TX. In October 2000, the United States House of Representatives adopted H.R. 605 which encouraged communities nationwide to implement the AMBER Plan. In April 2003, President George W. Bush signed the AMBER Alert legislation, making it a national program.
The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children assists in the implementation of AMBER Alerts.
In 2006, a TV movie, Amber's Story,[10] was broadcast on Lifetime. It stars Elisabeth Röhm and Sophie Hough.
A comic book entitled Amber Hagerman Deserves Justice: A Night Owl Story was issued by Wham Bang Comics in 2009. It tells the story of Amber and the investigation into her murder.[11]

[edit] References

  1. ^ "The Abductions That Changed America", Newsweek, 29 January 2007, pp.54–55.
  2. ^ "Search continues for Arlington girl", Houston Chronicle: Section A, p. 17, January 17, 1996,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  3. ^ a b c moore, evan (January 16, 1998), "Kidnap victim's family hopes good news repeats", Houston Chronicle,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  4. ^ Moore, Evan (January 19, 1996), "Body of missing girl discovered", Houston Chronicle: Section A., p. 29,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  5. ^ a b Kopenec, Stefani G. (January 12, 1997), "Young girl's kidnapper elusive: A year has passed without leads on 'low-life killer'", Houston Chronicle,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  6. ^ "Police task force dissolved", Houston Chronicle, June 24, 1997,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Mom says tougher laws needed", Houston Chronicle, January 20, 1996,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  9. ^ "Parents push for sex offender registry: Family of slain girl fights for new bill", Houston Chronicle, June 20, 1996,, retrieved August 8, 2008 
  10. ^
  11. ^

[edit] External links

UTAHS: Arthur Gary Bishop...son of devout mormons

Twenty-five years after Rachael Runyan was snatched from a playground and murdered, the Sunset Police Department has agreed to reopen one of the biggest unsolved cases in Utah history. Three-year-old Rachael was kidnapped in front of her brothers on August 26, 1982 but the abductor has never been caught.

"It's been 25 years since we lost our baby. We appeal to the public to help us solve this case and finally bring justice to Rachael," says Elaine Runyan-Simmons, Rachael's mother.

Reward: Rachael's parents hope the reward----which has swelled to more than $53,000---will help persuade someone to do the right thing and tell police what happened. The money will be given to anyone who provides evidence leading to a conviction.

"We believe a small circle of people actually know who kidnapped and killed our daughter," says Jeff Runyan, Rachael's father.
Sunset Police Chief Ken Eborn says fresh eyes and new technology will
push the investigation forward but he is still counting on someone having the courage and compassion to speak up about the case. "We know the perpetrator or perpetrators are still out there and we believe they may have talked to someone," says Chief Eborn

The birth of 'AMBER ALERT' in Utah . I have no idea why newspaper editions and links to articles have been removed. Or more importantly why RACHAEL ALERT was changed to AMBER ALERT...when the 'ALERT' was named in memory of Rachael, even though she was part of the Amber plan ?.this may well have been to hide the fact Ed Smart abused the strict code of law in UTAH by using RACHAEL ALERT to report a runaway..his daughter Elizabeth, who was also NOT in danger for her life..Of course a cynic might say changing 'Rachael Alert' to Amber Alert would always relate to Elizabeth Smart and her 'alleged abduction' wiping forever the memory of three year old Rachael whose killer has never been caught...


DATE OF HOMICIDE: August 26, 1982

LOCATION: City Park, Sunset, Utah

TIME: 1230 hours

On Thursday, August 26, 1982 at approximately 1230 p.m., Rachael Marie Runyan (pictured top right and center right), DOB: June 23, 1979 was kidnapped from a park in Sunset, Utah. Rachael was playing with her two brothers ages five and one and a half years old, as well as other children from the area. According to the witnesses, a black male 25 to 35 years old, 6 ft, slender to medium build, offered Rachael some gum. Witnesses last saw the black male put her in a small blue midsize car and drive away.

Click here to view the Police Composite Drawing of the Suspect in this case.

Twenty-four days later on September 19, 1982, Rachael's body was found in Morgan County on a dirt road known as Trappers Loop.

This case remains unsolved. If you have any information, please contact Chief Ken Eborn or Detective Shawn Valdez at: 801-825-1620 or by clicking on this email address.

Copyright 2002 The Salt Lake Tribune

The Salt Lake Tribune...04/03/2002


Rachael Marie Runyan, a 3-year-old girl who was kidnapped from a Sunset park and killed in 1982, might be alive today if her abduction had been aired sooner by the news media, believes her mother, Elaine Runyan-Simmons.

Now, Utah law enforcement officers are joining forces with broadcasters so news of a kidnapping and a victim's photograph can be more quickly publicized.
Officials plan to call the new program 'The Rachael Alert,' after the little girl whose death saddened people across the nation.

"The heartbreaking statistic is that 74 percent of children abducted by strangers are killed within three hours of being taken," said Utah Attorney General Mark Shurtleff. "The Rachael Alert will give kids an extra chance to survive."

The plan is similar to those in eight other states, which have led to the safe return of at least 16 victims, Shurtleff said.

Under the Rachael Alert, child abductions can be broadcast on television and radio stations at any time of day, not just during the morning, afternoon and evening news time slots.

Officials caution, however, that the Rachael Alert will be used in limited and rare circumstances -- child abductions by strangers. The emergency broadcasts will not be used, they said, for runaways, lost children or in parental tug-of-wars, unless the child's life is at stake.

Four criteria must be met before the alert is used. A child must be assumed kidnapped; the child must be 15 or younger, or have a proven mental or physical disability; the child must be in imminent danger of serious injury or death; and there must be information available to help, such as a description of the abductor or vehicle.

"For all those who would take our children," Shurtleff said, "Know this: There won't be just a couple of cops looking for you, there will be tens of thousands of people all over Utah . . . with their eyes wide open and a cellphone handy."

Utah Public Safety Commissioner Robert Flowers said authorities can set up roadblocks and search every car for an abducted child.

The previous article is provided as a non-profit public service of the Safety and Security Center ( It is the reader's responsibility to verify the validity of any of the articles and the facts and advice contained therein. 


Report abducted child information with the Utah Rachael Alert Information Form (requires Adobe Reader)

View the Utah Office of the Attorney General's information about the Rachael Alert.



People watching television or listening to the radio may soon be enlisted to help find an abducted child. The attention-getting shrill beeps of the Emergency Alert System will now be used to get out details about the victim and the suspected kidnapper.

Using the Rachael Alert, radio stations will announce the abductions and TV stations will air the child's photograph and provide important information in a "crawl" at the bottom of the television screen.

The Rachael Alert is named after Rachael Marie Runyan.

 The 3-year-old was kidnapped on August 26, 1982 while she was playing with her two brothers at a park in Sunset. Witnesses say the abductor offered Rachael some gum and then put her in his car and drove away. Rachael's body was found 24 days later in Weber Canyon.
"The heartbreaking statistic is that 74 per cent of children abducted by strangers are killed within three hours of being taken," said Attorney General Mark Shurtleff. "The Rachael Alert will give kids an extra chance to survive."

Utah is joining a growing number of states using the alert program, which is known nationally as the Amber Plan, to disseminate information quickly while the trail is still fresh.

The original plan was started in 1996 and was named after 9-year-old Amber Hagerman, who was kidnapped while riding her bicycle and brutally murdered in Arlington, Texas.

Law enforcement officials like the plan because the public becomes part of the solution. "Within moments we will have thousands of people ready, willing and able to help," said Kal Farr, Executive Director of the Utah Chiefs of Police Association.

At least 16 children have been saved so far using the Amber Plan in other areas. So far 33 communities have implemented the program and Utah is the ninth state to offer the plan statewide.

"This is the best way to get the message out quickly and in the most places possible," said Dale Zabriskie, Executive Director of the Utah Broadcasters Association. "I can't think of a better way for broadcasters to serve the public than by trying to save the lives of children."

The Rachael Alert is unique because it can only be activated by law enforcement. It is only used for serious child abduction cases and cannot be used for runaways or most parental abduction cases unless the child's life is being threatened.

Summary from a Utah Attorney General News Release, April 2, 2002
Utah's Child Abduction 'Rachael Alert' Activated to Help With Smart Case
Thursday, June 6, 2002

Utah's new emergency warning system for child abductions -- called the Rachael Alert -- was activated for the first time Wednesday with the disappearance of 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart.

The girl's family called police at 4 a.m., and after an initial investigation, police determined Elizabeth had been abducted. Police called KSL-Radio at 7:10 a.m. and 11 minutes later, the information was disseminated to a Utah audience.

Radio stations announced her disappearance while TV stations aired her photograph and provided information in a "crawl" at the bottom of the screen.

Ric Cantrell at the Utah Attorney General's Office said the Rachael Alert, created in April, allows residents to help law officers find missing children. "Anyone who wants to be a detective can help," Cantrell said.

The system is named after 3-year-old Rachael Marie Runyan, who was kidnapped on August 26, 1982 while she was playing with her two brothers at a park in Sunset. Witnesses say the abductor offered Rachael some gum and then put her in his car and drove away. Rachael's body was found 24 days later in Weber Canyon.

There are four criteria for initiation of the alert, Cantrell said:

* The child is assumed kidnapped;

* The child is 15 or younger, or has a proven mental or physical disability;

* The child is in imminent danger of serious injury or death;

* There is information provided to aid the police, such as a description of the abductor, the abductor's vehicle or the child's last known location.

-- Michael Vigh


Sunday, July 21, 2002



WASHINGTON -- David Durant took what he probably thought would be a brief stroll on a crisp, clear day in October near Abbot Home, his senior citizens residence in Zanesville, Ohio.
He never made it back.

Police looked for Durant, 65, for days, peering into dank storm drains and searching local forests and rivers. But no trace was found of the quiet but friendly man.

"That one will follow me until I retire," Detective Tim Collins said of the case.

A missing child strikes an emotional chord with the public and often gets lots of media attention. The saga of Elizabeth Smart, 14, a pajama-clad Utah girl reportedly abducted at gunpoint in June from her bedroom, is an almost daily staple on television news.

But missing persons advocates, including John Walsh of Fox television's "America's Most Wanted" said police and media also should give more scrutiny to about 200,000 grown men and women who disappear each year.

Federal and state law and most local police department protocol call for immediate missing children investigations. But that is not the case with adults.

And most police departments, especially in rural areas, on average have only 10 officers, Walsh said. This often is not enough manpower to pursue missing adults for long periods, he said.

"Here is the difficulty: As an adult, you have the right to be missing," said Peter Banks, training director at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in Alexandria, Va.

 "So, oftentimes, law enforcement is reluctant to put resources into a case where people may have left on their own."

More attention on missing adults could come soon, partly due to the 2001 disappearance of intern Chandra Levy, 24, whose remains were found in May in a Washington park. Unlike most missing adult cases, Levy's received national attention because relatives said she was romantically involved with Rep. Gary Condit, D-Calif.

In 1999, Rep. Sue Myrick, R-N.C., and Sen. John Edwards, D-N.C., succeeded in passing the Kristen Act, which created a national data clearinghouse for missing adults. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, which Walsh co-founded in 1984, already runs a similar clearinghouse for children and teens.

The Kristen Act was named for Kristen Modafferri, an 18-year-old North Carolina college student who disappeared in 1997 in San Francisco. Her desperate parents called the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children but learned Modafferri was just a few months too old to qualify.

"They were shocked to discover that because Kristen was 18, the center couldn't place her picture and story in its national database or offer any assistance," Myrick said.

On July 10, the Justice Department released $1.75 million to finance the Kristen Act. The bulk of this money -- a $1.58 million grant -- will go to the Nation's Missing Children Organization and Center for Missing Adults in Phoenix. The rest will go to state efforts to find missing adults.

Besides setting up a computer database for national law enforcement agencies, the missing adults center will offer local police consultants to help solve missing adult cases, Director Kym Pasqualini said.

Meanwhile, Walsh said his 15-year-old television program, which helped capture more than 700 fugitive criminals, will begin airing spotlights on missing adults. The program previously featured only missing children.

Radio and television also should broadcast instant emergency alerts when an adult is reported missing, Walsh said. Several states -- including Utah, Colorado, Michigan, New York and Texas -- already have alerts for missing children. Utah's are called Rachael alerts, named for 3-year-old Rachael Marie Runyan, who was kidnapped in a park in Sunset in 1982; her body was found 24 days later.
Roger Chiang, who works for the Democratic National Committee in Washington, said missing adults should receive more media attention.

"You can't address adult missing persons without the help of technology and television," he said.

More than 840,000 adults and juveniles were reported missing in the United States last year, compared with 876,213 in 2000, the FBI said. Almost 80 percent of these cases are runaway children and teenagers, according to FBI data.

Many come home when they get hungry or cold or run out of money, experts said.

Launching a search quickly is crucial, no matter the person's age. Almost 75 percent of kidnapped children are killed within three hours after abduction, according to the Washington state Attorney General's Office. Putting more attention on missing adult cases could help solve other crimes, such as serial killings.

The reluctance of some law enforcement agencies to probe missing adult cases may have helped 1970s serial killer Ted Bundy escape capture for years, Walsh said. The charming, handsome Bundy sexually assaulted and killed at least 36 women in a crime spree that stretched from Washington state to Florida. He was convicted and electrocuted in 1989.

"Twenty-six or 27 of these women were listed as voluntary runaways," Walsh said.

Local law enforcement agencies get training to probe missing children's cases, but acknowledge they do not get missing-person investigation training. In fact, many police rely on volunteers to help search, Walsh said.

"Every day, you would receive a stack of missing people reports," said Richard Kobetz, a 16-year veteran of the Chicago Police Department. "There are other things much more pressing than an adult missing person."
When a child goes missing, media coverage matters



If you've been watching TV at all since Wednesday (June 5), you surely know about the disappearance of 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart of Salt Lake City. Abduction coverage is one of the things media do best.

Elizabeth was taken from her bedroom at gunpoint around 2 a.m. Wednesday, according to her 9-year-old sister. Because the abductor said he would hurt Elizabeth if the younger sister told her parents, she waited two hours before alerting anyone. By Wednesday afternoon, both The Salt Lake Tribune and the Desert News ran lengthy articles with photos of the missing girl.

In abductions, local coverage matters most, especially in the first few hours. Although Elizabeth and her captor could be nearly anywhere in the world by now, her captor had to get her out of Salt Lake City first, and in the process, someone there might have seen them. Also, if the kidnapper lives in the area, he's more likely to be recognized by local viewers or readers.

But as the hours go by, national media coverage is critical. The Smart family called a news conference Wednesday afternoon, and soon after, the story was in the national press pool. It led many news broadcasts at 6 p.m. and 11 p.m.. Family members made appearances on "Larry King Live" Wednesday night and on "Today" and "Good Morning America" Thursday morning.

Articles ran in The Boston Globe, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Orlando Sentinel, The Los Angeles Times, The Canadian Press and Newsday. The story also went out over the Associated Press and Reuters news wires, which assures its appearance in numerous smaller papers. It wasn't in Thursday's Franklin County edition of the Roanoke Times

Also, Elizabeth's disappearance marks the first use of a Utah notification network for missing children called the Rachael Alert system. It works much like a weather alert system and was named for 3-year-old Rachael Marie Runyan, kidnapped in 1982 and found dead 24 days later.

In addition, leaders in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons) all over the country are disseminating flyers featuring Elizabeth's picture. The Smart family are church members.

In the aftermath of an emergency, people often feel that reporters and photographers are interlopers. But when a child -- or anyone else -- is missing, newspapers, radio and TV can be important allies to investigators. Publicity is critical to the success of a search, says Mike Meese, lead investigator in the disappearance of Polly Klaas in California in 1993 (Klaas's body was found two months later).

But the media serve another important function when someone disappears. Although news organizations are often regarded as specializing in doom and gloom, the headlines following a disappearance can help keep hope alive.

Thursday's headlines read "Family mobilizes volunteers to search for kidnapped girl," "Search underway in abduction," and "Reward offered for the return of girl in apparent kidnapping." The tone is optimistic, like the tone of search and rescue, as opposed to search and recovery.

And by emphasizing the search effort, especially the number of volunteers, the media reinforce our sense of community.

In the well-known meditation that begins "No man is an island," the English poet John Donne wrote that we are all "diminished" by the death of any of us. In a modern media context, a child goes missing, and a bell tolls throughout the global village.

"Do not send to know for whom the bell tolls," wrote Donne. "It tolls for thee."

As the 24-hour mark of Elizabeth's disappearance has passed, chances of finding her alive are slim, according to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. That is the bad news.

The good news is that, thanks to the media, we're all on the lookout.

Lana Whited

Lana Whited teaches English and journalism at Ferrum College and advises the staff of the campus newspaper, The Iron Blade. According to her mother, Whited began writing her first novel when she was in third grade. Her latest work, "The Ivory Tower and Harry Potter," critical essays by an international group of scholars, is forthcoming from the University of Missouri Press. She lives on a farm in western Franklin County with goats, chickens, dogs, cats, and a human.  The AMBER Plan

The Rachael Alert is known nationally as the AMBER Plan.

 It is a voluntary, cooperative partnership between law-enforcement agencies and local broadcasters to send an emergency alert to the public when a child has been abducted and is believed to be in grave danger. Under the AMBER Plan, area radio and television stations interrupt programming to broadcast information about the missing child using the Emergency Alert System, formerly known as the Emergency Broadcast System.

While EAS is typically used for alerting the public to severe weather emergencies, it is also the warning system for civil and national emergencies. The federal government requires all radio and television stations and most cable systems to install and maintain devices that can monitor EAS warnings and tests - and relay them rapidly to their audiences. The idea behind the AMBER Plan is a simple one: if stations can broadcast weather warnings through EAS, why not child abductions?

The AMBER Plan provides law-enforcement agencies with a valuable tool to help recover abducted children and quickly apprehend the suspect.

The purpose of the AMBER Plan is to provide a rapid response to the most serious child abduction cases. When an alert is activated, law-enforcement agencies immediately gain the assistance of thousands of broadcast and cable listeners and viewers throughout the area.

 The plan relies on the community to safely recover the abducted child.

It is hoped that this early warning system will not only coerce a kidnapper into releasing the child for fear of being arrested but also deter the person from committing the crime in the first place. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, about 74 percent of the children who are kidnapped and later found murdered were killed within the first three hours of being taken.

The AMBER plan was created in 1996 as a powerful legacy to 9-year old Amber Hagerman who was kidnapped and murdered in Arlington, Texas.

Law enforcement says Amber was dragged from her bicycle while riding in a shopping center near her home. Her body was found four days later.

The news of Ambers murder outraged the entire community and mobilized residents to take action. Following her murder, concerned individuals contacted local radio stations in the Dallas area and suggested that the station broadcast special alerts over the airwaves to help find abducted children.

In response to this recommendation the Dallas/Fort Worth Association of Radio Managers, with the assistance of local law-enforcement agencies in northern Texas, established the AMBER Plan, Americas Missing Broadcast Emergency Response. Initially only radio stations participated in the plan. In 1999, eight area television stations in the Dallas/Fort Worth area joined the plan and began sending out these urgent bulletins.

Utah adopted the AMBER Plan on April 2, 2002 and launched a statewide program to issue Rachael Alerts.

The Rachael Alert is named after Rachael Marie Runyan. The 3-year-old was kidnapped on August 26, 1982 while she was playing with her two brothers at a park in Sunset, Utah.

 Witnesses say the abductor offered Rachael some gum and then put her in his car and drove away. Rachaels body was found 24 days later in Weber Canyon. The parents of Rachael Runyon, law enforcement officers and broadcasters hope Rachael Alerts will help prevent similar tragedies.

The Salt Lake City Police Department issued the first Rachael Alert after the kidnapping of Elizabeth Smart on June 5, 2002.

The Rachael Alert

Powerful law-enforcement tool and wonderful way broadcasters can contribute to their communities.

Sends a strong message that law enforcement and broadcasters are providing a proactive way to help protect their communitys children.

Provides each agency with a rapid response to serious child abductions.

Dramatically increases law enforcements ability to locate witnesses and resolve cases.
Engages the entire community to mobilize and assist with recovering the child and apprehending the abductor.

Acts as a deterrent to this type of crime.

Builds relations between law-enforcement, broadcasters and the community.
Costs very little to implement.

To date this innovative early warning system has been credited with saving the lives of 16 children.

The Emergency Alert System - History and Requirements:

The AMBER Plan uses the Emergency Alert System, formerly the Emergency Broadcast System, to deliver urgent child-abduction bulletins to area radio and television stations and cable systems. The AMBER Plan Task Force in Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas chose this method of delivery because it is the oldest and most reliable means of relaying critical information to broadcasters quickly and simultaneously.

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) says the EAS is used to transmit life-saving messages to the public.

 The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children reminds us that child abductions can be life-or-death situations.

 If a community is slow to act, the child may not come home safely.

 If the abductor is not apprehended, then the entire community remains at risk.

 The EAS provides a rapid response to child-abduction cases so the community can immediately react.

The Emergency Alert System was created in 1994 by the FCC.

The new system replaced the Emergency Broadcast System established in 1951 as a way to provide the President with a means to address the people of the United States in the event of a national emergency.

 Beginning in 1963, the President allowed state and local emergency information to be transmitted over the system as well. The FCC does not require stations and cable systems to broadcast state or local EAS Alerts. It is a voluntary service, but each station is required to broadcast national emergencies activated by the President.

The FCC requires all AM, FM, and television broadcast stations, as well as cable systems, to have an FCC-certified, fully operational EAS encoder for sending emergency information and a decoder for receiving emergency information. Other entities may voluntarily participate including satellite programmers and wireless telephone services. The FCC requires each broadcast station and cable system to monitor at least two independent EAS sources called primary EAS stations. Typically, if the first primary station is unable to broadcast the alert, the second station provides an automatic backup so an alert can be sent out to the community.

Primary EAS stations volunteer to relay the emergency information to all broadcasters and cable operators in the area. Once these outlets volunteer to relay an EAS warning, they will transmit the audio and/or visual messages according to FCC rules.

The EAS is designed to warn the public about emergencies ranging from fires and tornadoes to evacuations and toxic chemical spills.

Utah is currently is using the administrative code (ADR) for child-abduction cases within the EAS. On October 1, 2002, Utah will begin using the Child Abduction Emergency (CAE) code for all Rachael Alerts.

Benefits of the Emergency Alert System:

Immediate- Every radio and television broadcast station and cable system will receive the information quickly and simultaneously.

Inexpensive- There is no additional expense or reprogramming of the EAS receiver, unless the state police or another state agency is called upon to activate the system. In these cases the state agency may need to purchase the equipment (unless they already own it).

Automatic- The new EAS utilizes digital equipment and digital signals that allow broadcasters and cable operators to interrupt programming for a warning manually or automatically. Since some broadcast and cable entities are programmed from far away, automatic activation for local and national emergencies is a key part of EAS. This would benefit stations and cable systems that are not staffed 24 hours a day because the system automatically overrides current programming and breaks in with the alert.

Accessible- You dont need a television or radio to receive an emergency alert. The EAS messages can now be received and decoded through specially equipped consumer products such as pagers, cellular telephones, and other devices

Less Intrusive- EAS tests are shorter and less obtrusive to viewers and listeners; therefore, when people hear or see the EAS messages, they will take them more seriously.

Flexible- EAS digital messages can be automatically converted into any foreign language normally used by the broadcast station or cable system.

Law Enforcement Responsibilities:

The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children strongly encourages every law enforcement agency to have an established protocol for investigating missing/abducted-child cases. Only by developing effective and efficient policies and procedures can agencies help ensure the successful resolution of these cases.

Utah law enforcement agencies must consider the four important criteria noted below before sending out a Rachael Alert.

1. Law enforcement confirms a child has been abducted.

2. Law enforcement confirms the child is 17 years old or younger or has a proven mental or physical disability.

3. Law enforcement believes the circumstances surrounding the abduction indicate that the child is in serious danger of bodily harm or death.

4. There must be enough descriptive information about the child, abductor, and suspects vehicle to believe an immediate broadcast alert will help.

Utah has developed its own standardized Rachael Alert form that can be sent by E-mail or by fax (E-mail is preferred).

This form should only be sent when abduction has been confirmed. This form will be filled out by the agency investigating the case and sent to the primary EAS provider and is responsible for triggering the emergency alert system (KSL Radio).

Having the Rachael Alert form in place will make it easier for your agency to prepare important information about the case. Law enforcement agencies can obtain the forms at the Web site of the Utah Attorney Generals Office .

Action Items:

Develop a major case-response plan- It is important that every department recognize the need to plan the response to activating the Rachael Alert. The agency must

Decide which person in the department can authorize a Rachael Alert.

Obtain the information noted below before issuing a Rachael Alert. This information will be included in the standardized form distributed to the primary radio and television stations.

- Name, age, and physical description of the child

- Description of the childs clothing

- Location and time that the child was last seen

- Description of the vehicle involved in the abduction

- Last known direction of travel and possible destination

- The investigating law-enforcement agency and telephone number the public should call if they have information about the case

- Name and telephone number of the contact person for the media

- A recent photograph of the abducted child from the family

Once the victim and suspect information has been confirmed, it should be passed on to the appropriate officer in charge so a Rachael Alert form can be sent to the EAS broadcast station.

Activation of the Rachael Alert Plan will only be authorized by the law-enforcement agency that reports the abduction. Broadcasters play no role in activating the plan.

As soon as possible, the investigating agency should obtain the most recent photograph of the abducted child.

The photograph should then be scanned and E-mailed to broadcasters. Agencies without E-mail or Internet capability can fax the photograph, but should also take it to a central location, such as a command center, to allow the television stations to capture the photograph on camera.

Consideration must be made for allocating additional resources. Officers may need to be reassigned from other units. Assistance may be necessary from other municipal, county, and state agencies. The FBI should also be contacted.

Designate a media liaison to coordinate information and interviews. This person would also deal with individuals who have no investigative input.

Develop contact lists and confidential broadcast fax numbers- Telephone numbers, fax numbers, and E-mail addresses should be compiled and updated so that information can be disseminated quickly when abduction occurs. Law enforcement agencies will e-mail or fax the standardized form to the Salt Lake Communications Center. The form will be sent to KSL radio, the primary EAS provider for the state of Utah. KSL will then notify all other television, radio and cable stations through the EAS system.

The Salt Lake Communications Center will also activate the electronic roadway signs, send a "Locator and Trak System" alert statewide, contact Utah Dispatch Centers, notify officers at all ports of entry and contact all agents of the Utah Trucking Association.

Establish telephone banks- Prior to activating the Rachael Alert, it is critical that hotline telephone banks are set up and staffed. Agencies must be positioned to receive and process leads from individuals. Volunteers or personnel must be in place to take calls for at least 24 hours after the plan is activated or until the alert is canceled.

Law-enforcement agencies must have an assigned telephone number that will be given out to the public during the alert message. This number must be able to rollover into several other separate lines to handle the large volume of leads that may come after the Rachael Alert activation.

Notify law-enforcement personnel- Someone in a supervisory role should notify the entire agency about the Rachael Alert and furnish all personnel with details about the case. Notify other agencies about the alert via an administrative message/teletype.

Contact NCMEC- Make sure to contact the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children to report the child-abduction case. This can be done through the 24-hour hotline at 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678)

Prepare for media reaction- Once the alert is activated, media coverage can be overwhelming, especially for a small department. A public information office (PIO) should be appointed to handle the press.

This will free up the sheriff or police chief who is trying to investigate the case. The PIO should keep the media informed about the case with daily updates and media releases. PIOs should be as accommodating as possible to the media to receive maximum exposure for their case.

Prepare for community reaction- Dont underestimate the power of the Rachael Alert. The reaction from the community will be intense and overwhelming because most people will want to help

Review alerts- After an alert is triggered, each agency should be prepared to file a report to the Review Committee. The report should include the reasons why the Rachael Alert was used. After the alert is reviewed, a written report should be sent to all participating members of the plan for their evaluation and recommendations.

Law enforcement agencies in Arlington, Texas, were criticized for not activating the alert often enough. When they changed and adopted a rather safe than sorry policy, they they issued six alerts in five weeks that did not meet the criteria they felt was appropriate.

 Fearing the plans credibility would suffer if it continued to operate under these guidelines, the Association of Radio Managers(ARMS) in Dallas/Fort Worth, established stricter criteria for activating the alert. ARMS also created a review committee to evaluate the circumstances surrounding each AMBER Plan activation. Moreover ARMS announced that if a police department continually disregarded the criteria, they would instruct broadcasters not to honor that agencys activation requests.

One of the more difficult responsibilities of law-enforcement will be to tell a parent that a particular incident does not fit the criteria of the plan, so an alert cannot be activated. If the plan is triggered too often, then the public may lose faith in the system, and people will not react to future alerts. Law enforcement may find other means to alert the public about an incident that does not fit Rachael Alert criteria.

Special Thanks to the Salt Lake Sheriffs Office and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children for helping with this training summary and questionnaire. Please contact Paul Murphy at the Office of the Utah Attorney General, (801) 538-1892, with any questions or suggestions.

by Timothy Rollins, Editor-in-Chief and Publisher

June 18, 2002

As a religious man, I have always felt that part and parcel of being a man of faith calls for being informed and for making wise and responsible choices in the responsibilities entrusted us. This is particularly so when it comes to the most sacred trust of all - our children.

Out in Utah (no surprise, folks!), they have yet another case of a parent failing to exercise due caution and proper responsibility in taking care of their child or children.

 This is an ongoing problem that has been part of the regional landscape out there for well over 20 years.

The one that stands out the most to me involved three-year old Rachael Runyan (right)  , who was kidnapped from a park in Sunset, Utah in August of 1982 and subsequently murdered.

 A frantic community rallied around the family and prayed and searched for 24 days before her body was found in Morgan County on a dirt road known as "Trappers Loop". Twenty years have passed and her killer still remains at large, her murder unsolved, and as I see it, it isn't likely it will ever be solved either in my lifetime, my now ex-wife Gaylene or that of my now three children.

I was a student at the University of Utah at the time Rachael disappeared, and could relate to the vulnerability her parents felt at the time, as I was the father of a nine-month old boy at the time myself. However, when Rachael's parents went on ABC's Good Morning America, I remember remarking to Gaylene that if Rachael were still alive, that her parents' appearance on national television had in effect signed her death warrant by negating any bargaining value Rachael may have once been.

For whatever reason, it seems that during my time in Utah (1979-1984) and according to conversations with friends in the ensuing time since, all too often the prevailing "Pollyanna" mentality there is such is that because they are faithful in church, that the Lord will watch over them and their families, and thus, many of them blithely overlook many basic security functions that are the inherent responsibility of both Mom and Dad.

Another case in point was the case a few summers ago - also in the Salt Lake City area where four or five children were found suffocated in the trunk of a Saturn sedan with one of the children unable to reach the emergency escape cord - all in the name of a game of 'hide and seek'.

Branding me insensitive, my younger brother ripped me a new one when I wrote a column calling the parents to task for failing to exercise proper parental responsibility by at least checking in on the kids from time to time while they were outside playing.

Now I know that some Moms and Dads spend their days in the summer playing with their younger children and some work in the house while the children play outside; however - as I said before, each parent that is at home at least has the obligation to check in on the kids from time to time during the day to see that they are at least playing safely.

Fast forward to the present. We are now being deluged with daily accounts from the media of the kidnapping of Elizabeth Smart  , the 14-year old who was kidnapped in the early morning hours of June 5th wile her 9-year old sister watched in paralyzed fear and then waited for hours before telling her parents. I'm no cop, but I have to tell you, there are more holes in this emerging story than in a Steven Spielberg script. Like Elizabeth being permitted to get her slippers before leaving for example.

This home was no shack or hovel. It was a 6,600 square-foot mansion with seven bedrooms and an indoor racquetball court among other features. Come to think of it, being a home worth over $1 million and all, you'd have thought that with an alarm system in place but turned off at the time (why - it was 1:00 a.m.?), it would have been activated at least for the upper levels or for where the children's bedrooms were located.

Yet Elizabeth was taken through a window, setting off no alarms. You have to wonder what really happened?

Another question that sticks out is training the children how to handle emergencies such as this - especially with the family having a greater amount of financial wealth than most. The home was on the market for $1.2 million and was being seen by prospective buyers.

Whoever "took" Elizabeth Smart had a very good idea of the home's layout and knew exactly where to go. Elizabeth's father Edward revealed yesterday he might have left the garage door open, thus facilitating a way for the 'kidnapper' to have access to the family home. The more I hear about this however, the more it sounds like an inside job or even the possibility - however remote - that Elizabeth may have even run away.

 Most likely, it probably was indeed a kidnapping and like Rachael Runyan of 20 years ago, in all likelihood, Elizabeth is by now dead with it being only a matter of time before her body is found and yet another child's death is mourned - a death that would be needless and that could have been easily prevented through proper, reasonable and responsible precautions on the part of either or both parents.

More than anything, I would very much like to see Elizabeth Smart safely reunited with her family. However, that usually happens within three days or so after disappearance, after which the trail grows cold. Given that such a time window has long since closed, I believe any realistic chance of safely recovering Elizabeth has also closed as well. As much as I would like to be proven wrong, I just don't see that happening.

From the friends I have in the law enforcement community both in Utah and elsewhere, again - I just don't see that happening. Please understand that my observation is not limited to the Smart family by any means as they are the victims of a vicious and terrible crime - it is the Utah culture and a climate of smugness, arrogance and elitism that drove me away from the state nearly 20 years ago to which I have no plans on returning in the foreseeable future for anything beyond a visit. My feelings for the place are so strong that I even wrote a Utah Credo that reflects my attitude on the matter.

Until the people of Utah (among other places) overcome their blind faith and adopt a more well-grounded attitude along the lines of a more informed faith both in their fellowmen and in God through being more responsible in their stewardships - to include responsibilities over their families - particularly their children, then the likelihood of more Rachael Runyans and Elizabeth Smarts and more children suffocating in the trunks of cars in their driveways will continue to increase unless parents increase basic security measures in and around the home.

As a parent, I have always kept the car locked when not in use.

 I learned the value of this lesson when my oldest was just over two. He walked in the kitchen and grabbed my keys on the counter. I motioned Gaylene to follow me (we were at her parents' home) and they followed us as we followed him outside. He then went through my key ring, found the right key on the first try, put it in the door, turned the key unlocking the door and at that point I put my hand on his and congratulated him for guessing right - not to mention the fact that it also scared the crap out of me at the same time.

 Following that incident, I made sure he never had the keys again unless I was with him at all times. Had the Smarts made some basic efforts to street-proof their children as well as place some security devices in their home, they might very well still have Elizabeth with them today.

In the meantime - as for the Smarts along with their family and friends: Prepare them for bad news. ***
2002 Timothy Rollins

  McGruff Provides Safe Havens
Saturday, June 15, 2002

McGruff the Crime Dog is joined by law officers and corporate partners on Friday as the Utah Council for Crime Prevention seeks to expand its McGruff House safe havens. (Trent Nelson/The Salt Lake Tribune)



Volunteers plan to double the number of McGruff Houses around the nation, to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the program and in response to the Salt Lake City kidnapping of 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart.

Homes with the McGruff House sign in the window are temporary havens for children who feel threatened. Utah currently has 1,800 McGruff Houses, and the Utah Council for Crime Prevention's goal is to have 4,000 homes by 2012.

Tibby Milne, the council's executive director and the founder of the McGruff House program, said she plans to create a "compassionate army of volunteers and people who love children."
Milne started the program in response to the Aug. 26, 1982, kidnapping and murder of Rachael Runyan. The 3-year-old girl was abducted as she was playing with her two brothers at a park in Sunset, Utah.

Milne said the Smart girl's kidnapping on June 5 has once again brought national attention to the issue of child safety.

"It is so sad Elizabeth is [missing], but how nice is it that we have these programs to help other children," she said.

The thousands of Utahns who have helped search for Elizabeth show the community's desire to support its children, said Utah Attorney General Mark Shurtleff. "Right now the whole world is saying we have to do more," he said.

The Utah PTA, the American Mothers National Association and Utah Chiefs of Police Association are three of the many organizations that promise to promote the McGruff House program.

The crime prevention council is also providing parents with free digital pictures and fingerprints of their children from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at 66 E. Cleveland Avenue today. More than 150 families received the free service on Friday.

Those interested in sponsoring a McGruff House can call 801-486-8768.

 Utahns Get Behind National Child Abduction Alert Network
Tuesday, August 27, 2002



The father of a 3-year-old Sunset girl kidnapped and slain 20 years ago joined members of Utah's congressional delegation and the family of Elizabeth Smart on Monday to express support for a national child abduction alert network.

"What they're doing is a wonderful program," said Jeff Runyan, who now lives in Brigham City, at the Smart family's triweekly news briefing. Runyan's daughter, Rachael, was abducted and murdered Aug. 26, 1982. She is the namesake of Utah's Rachael Alert for missing children.

"The first 10 to 15 minutes [following a kidnapping] are absolutely critical," Runyan said.

A bill introduced in the U.S. Senate by Sens. Kay Bailey Hutchison of Texas and Dianne Feinstein of California would set up national coordination of alert networks and assist states in setting up new Amber Alert systems. It also would establish grants under the U.S.

 Department of Transportation to fund half the cost of setting up the Amber programs.
Fifteen states, including Utah, and 32 cities currently have Amber Alert plans for missing children. Since those were established, 22 children have been recovered.

"State borders don't matter here," said U.S. Rep. Jim Matheson, D-Utah, who said he would co-sponsor the bill when it is introduced in the U.S. House. "It's a regional and national matter when something happens."

U.S. Sen. Bob Bennett, R-Utah, said he wasn't aware of the legislation until he was contacted by the Smart family, but said he planned to confer with Hutchison and Feinstein to help shape the bill. Staffers from U.S. Rep. Jim Hansen's office also attended, and U.S. Sen. Orrin Hatch's office called the Smart family to offer support.

"It's a bipartisan issue," said Ed Smart, Elizabeth's father. "It's a matter of taking care of our children and finding them."

The family is posting a letter to members of Congress that can be downloaded at its Web site,

Smart said he did not know if such a system would have helped 14-year-old Elizabeth, who was abducted June 5, but said widespread alerts could prompt residents to recall anything suspicious they witnessed at the time the child was kidnapped. Investigators have found no trace of Elizabeth since her disappearance.

Rachael Runyan's body was found on a Morgan County dirt road 24 days after she was abducted. Her death is still listed as unsolved. Amber Alerts did not exist then. "It might have made a difference," Jeff Runyan said. 

The toddler was kidnapped and murdered 15 years ago on Aug. 26, 1982.

``It has been frustrating over the years to not really have the answer that you want,'' said Olmstead.

Rachael's mother, Elaine Runyan Simmons, refuses to return to the spot where a man in a dark blue car whisked her daughter away.

``You go through the whos and whys and how somebody can do this.

You just can't come to any solution,'' said the 42-year-old Kaysville woman, who recently remarried.

``It's the most cruel act that anybody can inflict on a human being.''

In the early afternoon of that blistering summer day, Simmons was cooking sloppy joes for lunch while Rachael and her two younger brothers played in the sand under a slide at the school playground. They were 15 feet from their own back yard.

The children tried to run when a man offered them candy. Two made it to the house. Justin, 5, ran into the kitchen and told his mother, ``I have some real bad news.''

The ensuing search involved hundreds of police officers and citizens. It mobilized the entire Davis County area and soon spread nationwide, Olmstead said.

``I've never experienced anything like it, community-wise,'' he said. ``I literally got calls from every agency in almost this entire Wasatch Front. It became alive with support.''

But her body was found near Trapper's Loop in northern Morgan County. She was hogtied with nylon parachute chord.ut three weeks after the abduction, Rachael's family got tragic news: Her body was found 

The cause of death could not be determined. She had not been sexually assaulted, Olmstead said.

Despite appearances on several national television shows, including ``America's Most Wanted,'' police are no closer today to finding the murderer, Olmstead said. A $20,000 reward is still offered for information leading to the killer.

``I'm still hoping that [the killer] makes a bad choice in who he talks to and comes forward,'' he said. ``The case is still solvable even though it's 15 years old.''

Simmons has since focused her energy on helping parents avoid the horror she experienced. In addition to speaking publicly about Rachael's death, she helped start Utah's Missing Children, a nonprofit group to prevent child kidnappings.

``Reliving something over and over is therapeutic, but I have a lot of energy and drive to fight back,'' she said. ``I'm proud that I was strong enough to do that. It hasn't been easy, and it came at a big price. It changed our lives forever.''
Salt Lake City, UT -- Every Aug. 26, Sunset police Chief Phil Olmstead sits on a bench at Doxey Elementary School and remembers 3-year-old Rachael Marie Runyan. Users will be able to add their own comments, and links will be provided to their lawmakers' e-mail addresses or Web sites. Smart said he hoped the letter would be available today.